5 women won Nobel Prizes this year

13 10 2009

This year there are five female recipients of a Nobel Prize, which sets a record for female winners throughout the Prize’s 114 year long history.  Who are the winners?

1. Elinor Ostrom, 76, an American political scientist from Indiana University who made history by being the first woman to win the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for her research that examines how common resources–such as forests, fisheries, oil fields, and grazing lands–are more efficiently managed by local communities than by private corporations or the government.  She was awarded it alongside fellow American Oliver Williamson for their work in economic governance.

Ostrom was constantly discouraged from being an economist because she was a woman, but her accomplishment in being the first woman to win the Nobel Prize for Economics shows that she broke through a glass ceiling.  It serves as an inspiring reminder that girls and women can succeed in historically male dominated fields.

2. Elizabeth H. Blackburn, 60, and Carol W. Greider, 48, who were both awarded the 2009 Nobel Prize in Medicine with Jack W. Szostak for their work in figuring out how chromosomes protect themselves from degrading during cell division.  Blackburn is American and Greider has dual US-Australian citizenship.

3. Ada Yonath, 70, an Israeli, who shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Americans Venkatraman Ramakrishnan and Thomas Steitz for their work on atom-by-atom description of ribosomes.

4. Herta Mueller, 56, a Romanian-born German writer who won the Nobel Prize in literature for her writings on life behind the Iron Curtain.

Ever since the conception of the Nobel Prizes, only 40 women around the world have been awarded them.  It’s excellent that women are finally getting more recognition for the significant work that they’ve done.  Congratulations to all of them!





The Dalai Lama is a self-proclaimed feminist!

25 09 2009

dalai_lama1

I hold The Dalai Lama in great esteem and I deeply respect his peace activism.  When I read in the Daily Mail that he identifies as a feminist I wasn’t too surprised:

“I call myself a feminist,” said the Dalai Lama. “Isn’t that what you call someone who fights for women’s rights?”

He elaborates:

“Whether you believe this religion or that religion, we are all the same human beings. We all come from the same mother. That creates the basis for compassion.”

The article also says:

The Dalai Lama went to on say that women are more prone to compassion, since they have the responsibility of bearing children.

While I am more than thrilled that the Dalai Lama identifies as a feminist, I find the claim that women are more prone to compassion because they bear children highly problematic. Not only is this an essentialist idea, but it also confines women to their bodies and their ability to bear children. This essentialist imperative: prescribing women with the role of motherhood and concluding that their fulfillment of that role must mean that they are more compassionate is a perpetuation of gender stereotypes that rest on essentialist notions of womanhood, and a socially constructed gender binary.

Conflating motherhood and compassion is dangerous because it places an onus on women to behave a certain way because of their biological capabilities. Furthermore, women are not solely responsible for bearing children. Clearly there are many other influential people involved as well (it does take a village).

This being said, I do not mean to diminish the Dalai Lama’s statement that he is a feminist, but instead I mean to simply take everything with a grain of salt and to retain a critical eye. I think it’s great that the Dalai Lama publicly declared that he is a feminist and I would love to see more prominent people (be they celebrities, politicians, writers, activists, etc.) publicly align themselves with feminism as well. After all, the more the merrier! We can never have too many feminists!





Congratulations, Hilary Lister!

1 09 2009

According to The Guardian, Hilary Lister, 37, has made history as the first quadriplegic to sail solo around Britain. In 2005 she also set the record as the first quadriplegic to sail solo around the English Channel. We salute you, Lister!

Hilary-Lister-001

Lister is an Oxford-educated biochemist who has a rare, progressive neurological disorder, reflex sympathetic dystrophy, that has left her paralyzed from the neck down. Last night at 6:45 pm she sailed into Dover, completing the final leg of a marathon journey undertaken in a series of 40 day-long sails that started in June last year.

She used advanced technology (her “sip and puff” system) that enabled her to steer and control the sails by sucking and blowing through plastic straws. She embarked on and completed her voyage alone, except with a support team that helped her get in and out of her boat.

Says Lister of her amazing feat:

It’s a privilege to be back in Dover. The killer was when the wind died just east of the entrance to the harbour but unbelievably it picked up just as I sailed in.

Asked of the highlight of her journey:

Just seeing whales 35ft long fully breached out of the water was incredible. Two of them jumped like dolphins, it was amazing.

All in all:

I’m so relieved to be home but looking forward to the next challenge. One thing I’ve learnt is that you can’t predict the future, we couldn’t even predict tomorrow’s weather so I’m not ruling anything out or anything in.





Weekend Reads

22 08 2009

Dana Goldstein on the need for a public health insurance plan to provide reproductive health coverage.  Over at The Nation, Sharon Lerner has more on why women need health care reform.

An interesting photo essay that questions and explores what it means to be masculine.  It’s accompanied with an interview with the photographer, Chad States.  The subjects of some of the photos include trans men.

The children’s books industry is a very much white run industry and often children’s books are embedded, subtly and not-so-subtly, with racist undertones.  Read this post on Racism Review about children’s books are very much white-framed and whitewashed.

Here are some thoughts on 18-year old South African runner Caster Semenya whose female-ness was being questioned because she doesn’t conform to traditional western standards of femininity.  Bird of Paradox has more.

Michelle Obama should be allowed to wear shorts without coming under such scrutiny by the media and the public, especially while vacationing at the Grand Canyon.

Being careful with language is very important, especially since language is used to normalize.  There has been much discussion online about language and privilege.  Deeply Problematic takes on being blinded by privilege in these two posts: “Blinded by Privilege”: ableist language in critical discourse and For the Uninformed: Privilege, Perspective and The Little Things That Jab.  Hoyden About Town also has a post on unexamined privileges and unconscious behaviors.

Here is a long but interesting article that contextualizes the use of rape as a weapon of war.  Author Crystal Feimster, a historian at the University of North Carolina, claims that rape was used as a weapon of war way back in the Civil War, which is a new contention.

This one’s more of an uplifting story about a woman in a small West Virginian town, Maria Gunnoe, who took on the coal industry and was victorious.  She was a great community organizer who took action against the coal tycoons and despite threats, harassment and violence, she is not giving up the fight.





Andre Edwards trimumphs over transphobic discrimination

2 08 2009

In the UK two months ago transwoman Andre Edwards, 51, was fired from her job as a cab driver because she was wearing nail polish and skirts on the job.  Leyland Taxis, the company that fired her, claimed that colleagues and customers could not deal with her “unorthodox lifestyle” and “bad attitude”.

Edwards then went to Eco Cabs, another cab company, and was hired as a driver because of her high level of experience and competency.  There, her supervisors and colleagues support her and treat her with respect and dignity.

The article reporting this story is problematic, however.  For starters, it places a lot of emphasis on her transition: her pre-transition life, when she knew she wanted to transition, her current operation status, etc.  This is voyeuristic and objectifies transgender individuals by reducing them to their body parts.

The fourth paragraph of the article starts off with, “Andre, who was born a man but now lives as a woman…”  Doing the whole “she was born a man, but now is a woman” or the “he was born a woman, but now is a man” when talking about transgender people reinforces a gender binary and essentialist notions of gender.

Towards the end of the article, the author writes about how Edwards knew that she was “not like other children when she was just 10-years-old”.  This kind of language continues to otherize and marginalize the transgender community.

I find it also problematic how the article frames the story as Edwards getting a “second chance”.  The title is Transgender cabbie gets second chance.  The issue however is not about Edwards getting a “second chance” but rather, her triumphing over transphobia and transphobic discrimination.





A tribute to the late Dr. George Tiller

27 07 2009

Here is a beautiful piece from the NY Times written in memory of Dr. George Tiller, a true vagina warrior who devoted his life to providing women with a crucial health service despite hindrances, threats, harassment and violence.  It’s a reminder of how tragic Dr. Tiller’s murder was and what a great loss it was for the feminist/womanist community.  Here’s taste of the article:

It did not take long for anti-abortion leaders to realize that George R. Tiller was more formidable than other doctors they had tried to shut down.

Shrewd and resourceful, Dr. Tiller made himself the nation’s pre-eminent abortion practitioner, advertising widely and drawing women to Wichita from all over with his willingness to perform late-term abortions, hundreds each year. As anti-abortion activists discovered, he gave as good as he got, wearing their contempt as a badge of honor. A “warrior,” they called him with grudging respect.

And so for more than 30 years the anti-abortion movement threw everything into driving Dr. Tiller out of business, certain that his defeat would deal a devastating blow to the “abortion industry” that has terminated roughly 50 million pregnancies since Roe v. Wade in 1973.

They blockaded his clinic; campaigned to have him prosecuted; boycotted his suppliers; tailed him with hidden cameras; branded him “Tiller the baby killer”; hit him with lawsuits, legislation and regulatory complaints; and protested relentlessly, even at his church. Some sent flowers pleading for him to quit. Some sent death threats. One bombed his clinic. Another tried to kill him in 1993, firing five shots, wounding both arms.

In short, they made George Tiller’s clinic the nation’s most visible abortion battleground, a magnet for activists from all corners of the country.

Dr. Tiller would not budge.

Continue reading the rest.





Wednesday Blogaround

22 07 2009

Happy Wednesday!  Here’s what we’ve been reading:

Jimmy Carter protests religion’s treatment of women – Thank you Jimmy Carter!  Last week he issued a position paper opening with “Women and girls have been discriminated against for too long in a twisted interpretation of the word of God.”  It’s awesome to see such a prominent man of faith take a stance and speak out on sexism in organized religion.

Lessons for Feminists from Sarah Palin – what the feminist community can learn from Sarah Palin: from the beginning when she first entered the political limelight to her recent resignation speech.

Kansas Attorney Sued After Showing Pictures of Alleged Rape After Refusing to Prosecute – Okay, this is fucked up.  A county attorney in Kansas chose not to prosecute a rape that occurred at a party in 2007, but chose to show pictures of the assault to parents of other people who attended that party to prove that there was underage drinking.

Why the planet needs more non-breeders – a post from fbomb, an awesome new young feminist blog, on Cameron Diaz’s decision to not have kids (for the environment) and how women are caught in a double bind where they are judged for both wanting/having kids and not wanting/not having kids.

Racism in Cambridge: Harvard Professor Gates Arrested (Updated) – RacismReview’s take on Professor Gates’ recent arrest.

Cop Sues Burbank Police Department for Discrimination – Last week, Asian American police detective Christopher Lee Dunn filed a lawsuit against the Burbank Police Department alleging that he was the victim of discrimination and retaliation prior to being unjustly fired.  This is the sixth time that the Burbank Police Department has been sued for discrimination since May.

If You’re Disabled You Cannot be a Customer – People who are differently abled are often treated as second class citizens and “treated like an inconvenience and rushed out of sight”.

On Chris Brown’s Public “Apology” – Or rather, Chris Brown’s non-apology.  “The message [from his “apology”] is clear: beat, bite, punch and strangle your girlfriend, and as long as you apologize, you are a-OK.”





Happy Belated Birthday, Nelson Mandela!

19 07 2009

nelson mandela

Yesterday was Nelson Mandela’s 91st birthday and the first ever Mandela Day, a day dedicated to transforming the world into a better place.  It is “a global call to action that celebrates the idea that each person has the power to transform the world, the ability to make an imprint”.

Mandela Day is part of the legacy that Mr. Mandela left behind.  He devoted 67 years of his life to peace activism and social justice.  Mandela Day is a way for us to honor to his dedication and commitment to engaged citizenship.  It serves as an inspiring reminder that we are all capable of creating change.  As Margaret Mead once said, “Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world.  Indeed, it is the only thing that ever has.”

Activism is a never-ending endeavor, as there is always more room for progress and improvement.  Mr. Mandela once said, “after climbing a great hill, one only finds that there are many more hills to climb”.  The establishment of Mandela Day should serve as a reminder to all of  us that Mandela Day should not just be once a year, but instead every day of our lives.   Many of us may perceive activism as a grand gesture when in reality activism can be easily integrated into our everyday lives.

So, Happy Belated Birthday Mr. Mandela, and Happy Mandela Day everybody!  Here is a message from the UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon:

Nelson Mandela is a living embodiment of the highest values of the United Nations. His commitment to a democratic, multi-racial South Africa; his steadfast pursuit of justice; his willingness to reconcile with those who persecuted him most – these are just some of the hallmarks of a remarkable man. To this day, he works tirelessly for peace and human dignity throughout the world. His engagement in the fight against AIDS broke new ground against stigma. He is an exemplary global citizen.

What lessons he has taught us! How inspiring he has been, across the world, across the generations! Millions of people are better off thanks to his contributions; many have been moved to pursue lives of service in his image; many, facing tribulations of their own, have found both solace and fortitude in his example. Above all, he has shown the difference one person can make in the face of injustice, conflict, poverty and disease.

Nelson Mandela has made a lasting imprint on our lives. That is why I am so pleased to join people throughout the world in wishing him a happy 91st birthday. May we all continue to benefit from his wisdom, his good works and good humour for many years to come.





Young Feminists + Blogging=Awesomeness

14 07 2009

I don’t think I even really defined myself as “feminist” until my freshman year of college.  But Julie Zeilinger is a teenage feminist who proudly wears the label, and she has created a blog for teenage feminists to share ideas about feminism and pop culture.  And I’ve got to say, this blog looks pretty freakin’ awesome.  Julie’s blog has everything from an interview with Gloria Steinem to celebrity gossip.

The “About” section for the blog reads:

The FBomb.org is a blog/community created for teenage girls who care about their rights as women and want to be heard. Young feminists who are just a little bit pissed off and very outspoken are more than welcome here.

Name
In this case the “F Bomb” stands for “feminist.” However, the fact that the “F Bomb” usually refers to a certain swear word in popular culture is not coincidental. The FBomb.org is for girls who have enough social awareness to be angry and who want to verbalize that anger. The FBomb.org is loud, proud, aggressive, sarcastic…everything teenage feminists are today.

Author
Julie Zeilinger is one of the proudest teenage feminists of all, who delivers every bitter social commentary with a smile. She’s from Pepper Pike, Ohio, and her own experiences with constant bad weather and a depressing city life have made her comfortable with (loudly) expressing her every complaint. She is a wary optimist who loves chocolate and hates people who speak two inches away from her face.  Queries, comments and bad jokes to be sent to: juliez@thefbomb.org

Check the blog out here.  Rock on, Julie.

h/t  Feministing





Congratulations Regina Benjamin!

14 07 2009

Regina Benjamin

Yesterday President Obama appointed Dr. Regina Benjamin, a family practice physician and the president of the Alabama Medical Association, as the new Surgeon General.  In 1995, Dr. Benjamin became the first black woman and the youngest doctor to be elected to the board of the American Medical Association.  Last year she was the recipient of a MacArthur Foundation genius grant for treating patients in the Gulf south despite their inability to pay for health care and services.

Dr. Benjamin stands out because of her commitment to providing preventative health care to underprivileged populations in the rural south.  In 1990 she founded a rural health care clinic in Bayou La Batre, in Alabama, which is a town of with a population of around 2,500.  Many of the residents there lack health insurance and around a third are immigrants from Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam.  She’s had to rebuild the clinic three times: in 1998 after Hurricane Georges, in 2005 after Hurricane Katrina, and in January 2006 after a fire.  While the clinic was being rebuilt she made house calls to patients – that’s true dedication right there.

Although she could’ve made more money working as a doctor elsewhere, in a wealthier community, Dr. Benjamin committed herself to providing a crucial service to people who desperately needed her in her Alabama clinic.  Dr. Benjamin called her nomination a “physician’s dream” and she said, “I want to ensure that no one, no one, falls through the cracks as we improve our health care system.”

Dr. Benjamin is only the third woman to be the nation’s Surgeon General.  Preceding her were Dr. Antonia Novello (1990-93) and Dr. Joycelyn Elders (1993-94).  From 1995-97, Dr. Audrey Manley served as Acting Surgeon General.  Congratulations Dr. Benjamin!





Congrats to The Ocean Angels!

7 07 2009

File this under Awesomeness!

women rowing team

The Ocean Angels, a group of four fantastic women, Fiona Waller, 34, of London, Elin Davies, 32, of Bala, Gwynedd, Jo Jackson, 28, of Sussex, and Sarah Duff, 25, have made history as the first all female crew to row across the Indian Ocean.  They were competing in the 3,720 mile  Woodvale Indian Ocean Race and departed from Western Australia in April.  After spending 79 days at sea, they reached the finishing line in Port Louis, Mauritius, early Tuesday morning.

Although the Ocean Angels did not win the race (a male British team won, arriving at the finish line on June 26th), they still deserve a big round of applause.  The Indian Ocean Race is considered the toughest rowing race in the world.  Ten boats began the race and only half of them made it past halfway.  Before this year’s race, only two men ever finished it.  Training for the race has been a challenge for all four women who have been training for it since 2008.

In completing the race, the Ocean Angels sought to raise 50,000 pounds for Breast Cancer Care.  Ms. Waller herself was diagnosed with cancer after her 30th birthday and has fought it.  Of their accomplishment, she said:

I can’t believe we’ve finally made it – the first all female crew to row across the Indian Ocean.

To say it’s been tough is an understatement but what an adventure. We have seen the best and the worst of the Indian Ocean.

I’m really proud of what we’ve achieved both in terms of our world record and also the money we have raised for Breast Cancer Care.

Again, congrats to the Ocean Angels on their phenomenal feat!!





Good News: We are taking violence against women more seriously

30 06 2009

I was alerted about this good news via the Safer Blog – The Senate Appropriations Committee recently past its FY 2010 appropriations bill for various government agencies.  In total, the bill designates $64.9 billion in discretionary spending which is an increase of around $7.3 billion over last year and $200 million more than the President’s budget request.

The Committee appropriated $435 million for the Office of Violence Against Women INCLUDING $15 million for the Sexual Assault Services Program, which is $2 million more than what was provided in the house bill.

This is super exciting!  Highlights of this bill include $9.5 million for Campus Grants, $45 million for Civil Legal Assistance, $3.5 million for Advocates for Youth, and $3 million for Engaging Men and Boys.

This progress was made possible by the hard work of advocates and activists.  It’s up to us and them to make sure that when President Obama signs the final appropriations bill the numbers don’t decrease.

Adding on to this piece of uplifting news is an older tidbit of information – last Friday, Vice President Joe Biden appointed Lynn Rosenthal as the new White House Adviser on Violence Against Women.  This position is newly created and super important because violence against women is an issue that is often not taken seriously enough.

Rosenthal will essentially act as a liaison to the domestic violence and sexual assault advocacy community, work with the Department of Justice’s Office on Violence Against Women to implement VAWA (Violence Against Women) programs and services, work with the Department of Health and Human Services on implementing Family Violence Prevention Act programs and services, work with the State Department and US AID on global domestic violence efforts, and spearhead the development of new programs and policies that address domestic violence and sexual assault.

Rosenthal has worked hard throughout her life on the community level, the state level, and the federal level to make sure that violence against women is sufficiently addressed and acted upon, and that perpetrators are held accountable instead of just getting off scot-free.  Most recently she served as the Executive Director of the New Mexico Coalition Against Domestic Violence.  She also served as the Executive Director of the National Network to End Domestic Violence from 2000 to 2006.

Senior Adviser and Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Relations and Public Engagement Valerie Jarrett said, “Lynn Rosenthal has been a life-long advocate for women and she has been a real leader in developing effective policies to combat domestic violence.”





Monday Blogaround

30 06 2009

There’s a lot we’ve missed lately… so here are some good reads to catch up with:

As Pride Month comes to an end, and as we reflect on Stonewall: Obama Commemorates Stonewall, Inequality in the Marriage Equality Movement and The Real Stonewall Legacy.

Eve Ensler’s op-ed in The Washington Post: A Broken UN Promise in Congo.

Gender is a social construction, so two feminist parents in Sweden are raising their child gender non-specific.

Triggering and heartbreaking – Violence against the trans community is still very persistent and pervasive: Transgender Woman Brutally Beaten in Queens Bias Attack – TLDEF Demands Full Investigation Into Hate Crime.

Recession Depression: Having a good work/life balance is ideal, but how realistically achievable is it especially in economic hard times?

This caught my eye because even though I am not a big Chipotle fan, many of my friends rave about it: Chipotle Injustice – Chipotle is the nation’s most rapidly growing fast food chain, but how socially responsible is it?

Prison rape is a widespread phenomenon and the National Prison Rape Elimination Commission just released a new report with suggestions and guidelines on how to end prison rape.

Reflections on Privilege, Guilt and Identity.

Some body to love – you are more than just your body.

Racist Thinking at the Supreme Court – Again.

The connection between reproductive rights and sexual violence – “He Thought a Baby Would Keep Me Forever”: When Partner Abuse Isn’t a Bruise but a Pregnant Belly.

Society is obsessed with parenting and children – Vanessa Richmond at Alternet explores this further.





Thank you, Dr. LeRoy Carhart!

11 06 2009

Two days ago, I wrote a post about how the late Dr. Tiller’s clinic was going to be closed permanently.  One of the reasons this is a heavy loss is because Dr. Tiller’s clinic was one of the only places where women could get late abortions.

But good news!  Dr. LeRoy Carhart, a Nebraska doctor has stepped up and said that he would perform third-term abortions in Kansas.  It is unclear whether he will be performing these abortions at a new facility or if he’d perform them at existing clinics.  In a telephone interview with The Associated Press, Dr. Carhart said, “there will be a place in Kansas for the later second- and the medically indicated third-trimester patients very soon.”

Since 1985, Dr. Carhart has run his own clinic in Bellvue, Nebraska.  He’s performed late term abortions at Dr. Tiller’s clinic previously due to Nebraska’s restrictive abortion laws.  Subsequent to the initial closing of Dr. Tiller’s clinic after his murder, Dr. Carhart has experienced an increase in patients in his Bellvue clinic.  The two were old friends and colleagues.

Thank you, Dr. Carhart for stepping up and in to uphold a crucial service for women.  Thank you, Dr. Carhart for your courage and determination to continue providing a critical medical procedure for women in spite of the anti-choice  harassment and violence that has occurred and will continue to occur.  Thank you, Dr. Carhart for your dedication to defending women’s reproductive health and rights.





Weekend Reads

6 06 2009

It’s the first weekend of June…my, does time fly!  Here are good posts to check out this weekend:

The mainstream media has covered the opting out debate a whole lot.  But what’s missing from this coverage is that opting out, leaving one’s professional career to raise a family, is something that only women with privilege can truly do.  Ann Friedman has a piece out called  When Opting Out Isn’t an Option that discusses the need to shift the conversation about women and work.  She includes women who don’t have the luxury to opt out, the majority of women in this country, in the picture and discusses how the recession can be an opportunity to reframe the opting out debate.

There’s a great op-ed in the New York Times today about Ann Lohman, an English midwife who emigrated to New York and committed suicide in 1878 after years and years of anti-choice harassment.  She called herself Madame Restell, sold herbs and pills designed to end pregnancies, performed abortions if the herbs and pills did not work which she charged on a sliding scale depending on her patient’s ability to pay, taught sex education classes, provided shelter for pregnant women, delivered babies and set up an adoption service.  The op-ed examines Lohman’s legacy as a a champion for reproductive rights and illustrates how anti-choice violence continues to threaten those who do dedicate their lives to defending reproductive rights.

One of the reasons why people reject feminism is because it historically, and continues to, exclude certain marginalized bodies like the LGBTQ community and people of color.  Racism Review tackles this issue in Gloria Steinem, Where Are You Now? During Hilary Clinton’s presidential campaign feminist activist Gloria Steinem wrote a piece in the NYTimes condemning the mainstream media’s sexist treatment of Clinton.  However, Sonia Sotomayor has been the target of countless racist and sexist attacks ever since her nomination but prominent white feminists who have publicly condemned sexism before, like Steinem, have been silent.  Why have none of them spoken up for Sotomayor?

Transphobia and violence against the trans community remains persistent throughout the world.  There have been many recent violent hate crimes against trans people in various countries: the U.S., Honduras, the Dominican Republic, India, Turkey, Canada, Serbia, Peru and Venezuela.  Bird of paradox reports that this year alone in Venezuela, there have been more than 20 trans people murdered so far.  This is deeply saddening and upsetting – launching violent assaults and murdering people are not appropriate or acceptable ways to treat the trans community.

Privilege is something that we continually think and write about.  But what exactly is privilege?  One way that people think of privilege is “You haven’t thought of these issues in the same way that I have because they don’t affect you in the same way.”  Another way to think about privilege is “You don’t have to think of these issues because they don’t affect you.”  Echidne of the Snakes has a post titled Thoughts on privilege (by Suzie) in which she discusses privilege and how it plays into our lives.

There’s a post on Womanist Musings about how an eight year old girl from Winnipeg showed up at school with her arms covered with white supremacist markings like swatstikas (which were “sun wheels that represented peace and love”) and “H.H.” for “Heil Hitler”.  Her parents taught her that Hitler was a “good man ‘for killing lots of people that didn’t belong there'”.  When a detective asked her for her parents’ thoughts on ethnic minorities, she responded that they felt that ethnic minorities “‘should be killed or go back to their country'”.  She also said “Some people from Pakistan carry AIDS and they could kill you”.  Remember that these insidious words are coming from the mouth of an eight year old.  Her parents clearly are not setting a good example in perpetuating their bigotry.